Quinot presenting his paper.
Academics from five continents met in Munich, Germany on 2-3 July 2014 to discuss current developments in procurement law with a focus on the selection, qualification and exclusion of bidders under various national and international public procurement systems. The symposium was hosted by Prof Martin Burgi, Chair for Public Law and European Law at the Research Center for Public Procurement Law and Administrative Co-operations, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich. Prof Geo Quinot of APPRRU presented a paper dealing with developments in African procurement law and focusing in particular on current developments around qualification and award criteria in South African procurement law.
Quinot’s paper is available here.
In March 2014 Prof Geo Quinot of the African Public Procurement Regulation Research Unit (APPRRU) delivered a commissioned research report to the Office of the Chief Procurement Officer (OCPO) in South Africa’s National Treasury on the current state of public procurement regulation in South Africa and the need for reform.
The 160-page report noted the fragmented nature of the law currently governing public procurement in South Africa. It further analysed evidence of the adverse effect that the current state of procurement law is having on supply chain functions and consequently public administration.
Prof Geo Quinot (right) presents the research report titled “An Institutional Legal Structure for Regulating Public Procurement in South Africa” to Mr Henry Malinga, Chief Director: Policy and Strategy in the OCPO.
The report recommended that government pursue a comprehensive strategy of public procurement regulatory reform. The first recommended step is to create a public procurement regulator in South Africa by means of dedicated legislation. Such an entity should consequently be tasked with the reform of the substantive law governing public procurement, a high priority of which should be the consolidation of the current rules on procurement.
On 7 April 2014 the South African Minister of Trade and Industry launched the sixth version of government’s Industrial Policy Action Plan (IPAP) covering the period 2014/15 to 2016/17. Public procurement features prominently in the IPAP as a key lever of industrial development. The Plan in particular contemplates increased focus on designating specific sectors of public procurement for local content thresholds. Under the Preferential Procurement Regulations, 2011 (issued in terms of the Preferential Procurement Policy Framework Act 5 of 2000) the Department of Trade and Industry is empowered to designate sectors where only locally produced goods or services or goods meeting stated thresholds of local production may be procured. In a key paragraph the IPAP states:
“Nevertheless, too much emphasis in procurement processes is still being placed on the traditional practice of acquiring goods and services at the lowest cost, regardless of origin and quality – thereby failing to stimulate either domestic development of improved products and services or the creation of new markets for industrial innovations.”
The IPAP also expresses strong support for the current comprehensive review of the public procurement regime headed by National Treasury.
On 20 March 2014 prof Geo Quinot participated in a session dealing with international trends in procurement dispute resolution at the Procurement Week 2014 organised by the Institute for Competition and Procurement Studies. The annual Procurement Week of the ICPS, sponsored by the Welsh Government, took place from 17 to 21 March 2014 in Cardiff, Wales under the theme “A 2020 vision: Public Procurement Insights and Mega Trends”.
From left: Alexandre Motta, Geo Quinot, Frank Brunetta & Michael Bowsher
Quinot presented the findings of comparative research on supplier remedies in African procurement systems. The other speakers in the session were Frank Brunetta, Procurement Ombudsman of Canada; Michael Bowsher, QC of Monckton Chambers, London and Alexandre Motta, Managing Director of the School of Administration in the Ministry of Finance of Brazil, who each shared their perspectives on dispute resolution in procurement contexts within their respective systems.
In debate following the individual presentations questions were raised about the suitability of courts as primary vehicles for resolving disputes in public procurement. In particular the current approaches to reliance on ADR to resolve disputes in various stages of the procurement process were discussed. Participants noted that it was especially difficult to implement ADR approaches in respect of disputes during the adjudication stage of public procurement. Particular problems that commonly emerge in this context are the constitutional nature of these disputes making them not suitable to private dispute resolution processes as well as the necessity of including all bidders in a dispute resolution mechanism during the adjudication stage, which is challenging in most ADR mechanisms. Panel members noted that the statutory solution in Canada involving the Procurement Ombudsman seems a good approach.
The Public Procurement Research Group at the University of Nottingham has announced the seventh in a series of successful international conferences, which will be attended by policy-makers, lawyers and practitioners from the main international organisations involved in procurement regulation, as well as world-leading professors and researchers.
The conference will take place on 15-16 June 2015 at the East Midlands Conference Centre, University of Nottingham. It will include plenary sessions for all delegates and a series of parallel workshops and debates focusing on specific topics of interest to different delegates.
The conference is sponsored by The Achilles Group and more information can be found on the conference website.
The Department of Public Law at Stellenbosch University invites applications for a postdoctoral research fellowship in administrative law. Applicants must have attained a doctorate in law with a focus on South African administrative law and judicial review within the last five years and have experience in comparative research in administrative law. Work under the fellowship will be affiliated with activities of APPRRU.
– More information.
The Mail & Guardian reports that members of the Black Business Council (BBC) have renewed their calls for the approach to black economic empowerment in public procurement in South Africa, as implemented under the Preferential Procurement Policy Framework Act of 2000, to be revisited. In particular some members have called for the Act to be scrapped. One of the main concerns is that the Act only provides for price preferences and then only at a fairly small margin (20% for contracts under R1 million and 10% for contracts above). Members argue that this measure is insufficient to promote true empowerment through procurement.
Read the full article here>>
Dr Sope Williams-Elegbe, deputy director of APPRRU, presenting a paper on public procurement law reform in Africa at the Public Procurement Global Revolutions VI conference.
Three APPRRU researchers, Sope Williams-Elegbe, Ama Eyo and Geo Quinot, participated in the Public Procurement Global Revolutions VI conference, held at the University of Nottingham in the UK from 24 to 25 June 2013.
The conference brought together researchers, policy-makers and practitioners from across the world to deliberate on current issues in public procurement regulation. The APPRRU researchers brought an African perspective to the discussions.
APPRRU was also one of the collaborators in organising the conference.
In March 2013 Professor Phoebe Bolton offered a one-day training course to municipal officials of the Saldanha Bay Municipality. The training focused on the following aspects:
- rules for the acquisition of goods and services and deviations from the prescribed rules;
- the roles and functions of bid committees;
- rules for the determination of responsiveness;
- rules on obtaining clarifications from bidders;
- rules on the disqualification of bidders;
- the submission of tax clearance certificates;
- the supervisory role of the Municipal Manager in the procurement process;
- the receipt of complaints and appeals from aggrieved bidders; and
- the application of case law